God (without) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

God (without)

[ 1,,G112, atheos ]
cp. Eng., atheist," primarily signifies "godless" (a, negative), i.e., destitute of God; in Ephesians 2:12 the phrase indicates, not only that the Gentiles were void of any true recognition of God, and hence became morally "godless" (Romans 1:19-Romans 1:32) but that being given up by God, they were excluded from communion with God and from the privileges granted to Israel (See the context and cp. Galatians 4:8). As to pagan ideas, the popular cry against the early Christians was "away with the atheists" (See the account of the martyrdom of Polycarp, in Eusebius, Eccles. Hist. iv. 15, 19).

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words