Give - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G1325, didomi ]
to give," is used with various meanings according to the context; it is said, e.g., of seed "yielding fruit," Mark 4:7-Mark 4:8; of "giving" (i.e., exercising) diligence, Luke 12:58; of "giving" lots, Acts 1:26, RV (AV, "gave forth"); of "rendering" vengeance, 2 Thessalonians 1:8; of "striking or smiting" Christ, John 18:22 (lit., "gave a blow") and John 19:3 (lit., "they gave Him blows"); of "putting" a ring on the hand, Luke 15:22; of Paul's "adventuring" himself into a place, Acts 19:31. (In Revelation 17:13 some mss. have diadidomi, "to divide"). See ADVENTURE, BESTOW, No. 1, COMMIT, Note

Note: In the following the RV gives the correct rendering: Acts 7:25, "was giving them deliverance" (AV, "would deliver them"); Acts 10:40, "gave Him to be made manifest" (AV, "shewed Him openly"); Revelation 13:14-Revelation 13:15, "it was given him" (AV, "he had power").

[ 2,,G591, apodidomi ]
signifies "to give up or back, to restore, return, render what is due, to pay, give an account" (apo, "back," and No. 1), e.g., of an account. Matthew 5:26; Matthew 12:36; Luke 16:2; Acts 19:40; Hebrews 13:17; 1 Peter 4:5; of wages, etc., e.g., Matthew 18:25-Matthew 18:34; Matthew 20:8; of conjugal duty, 1 Corinthians 7:3; of a witness, Acts 4:33; frequently of recompensing or rewarding, 1 Timothy 5:4; 2 Timothy 4:8, 2 Timothy 4:14; 1 Peter 3:9; Revelation 18:6; Revelation 22:12. In the Middle Voice it is used of "giving" up what is one's own; hence, "to sell," Acts 5:8; Acts 7:9; Hebrews 12:16. See DELIVER.

[ 3,,G1929, epididomi ]
(a) "to give by handing, to hand" (epi, "over"), e.g., Matthew 7:9-Matthew 7:10; Luke 4:17; Luke 24:30, here of the Lord's act in "handing" the broken loaf to the two at Emmaus, an act which was the means of the revelation of Himself as the crucified and risen Lord; the simple verb, No. 1, is used of His "handing" the bread at the institution of the Lord's Supper, Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19; this meaning of the verb epididomi is found also in Acts 15:30, "they delivered;"
(b) "to give in, give way," Acts 27:15, RV, "we gave way to it." See DELIVER.

[ 4,,G3330, metadidomi ]
"to give a share of, impart" (meta, "with"), as distinct from "giving." The Apostle Paul speaks of "sharing" some spiritual gift with Christians at Rome, Romans 1:11, "that I may impart," and exhorts those who minister in things temporal, to do so as "sharing," and that generously, Romans 12:8, "he that giveth;" so in Ephesians 4:28; Luke 3:11, in 1 Thessalonians 2:8 he speaks of himself and his fellow missionaries as having been well pleased to impart to the converts both God's Gospel and their own souls (i.e., so "sharing" those with them as to spend themselves and spend out their lives for them). See IMPART.

[ 5,,G3860, paradidomi ]
"to give or hand over," is said of "giving" up the ghost, John 19:30; of "giving" persons up to evil, Acts 7:42; Romans 1:24, Romans 1:26; of "giving" one's body to be burned, 1 Corinthians 13:3; of Christ's "giving" Himself up to death, Galatians 2:20; Ephesians 5:2, Ephesians 5:25. See BETRAY, COMMIT, DELIVER.

[ 6,,G4272, prodidomi ]
"to give before, or first" (pro, "before"), is found in Romans 11:35.

[ 7,,G5483, charizomai ]
primarily denotes "to show favor or kindness," as in Galatians 3:18, RV, "hath granted" (AV, "gave"); then, to "give" freely, bestow graciously; in this sense it is used almost entirely of that which is "given" by God, Acts 27:24, "God hath granted thee all them that sail with thee" (RV); in Romans 8:32, "shall ... freely give;" 1 Corinthians 2:12, "are freely given;" Philippians 1:29, "it hath been granted" (said of believing on Christ and suffering for Him); Philippians 2:9, "hath given" (said of the name of Jesus as "given" by God); Philemon 1:22, "I shall be granted unto you" (RV). In Luke 7:21, it is said in regard to the blind, upon whom Christ "bestowed" sight (RV). The only exceptions, in this sense of the word, as to Divinely imparted "gifts," are Acts 3:14, of the "granting" of Barabbas by Pilate to the Jews, and Acts 25:11, Acts 25:16, of the "giving" up of a prisoner to his accusers or to execution. See DELIVER, FORGIVE, GRANT.

[ 8,,G3930, parecho ]
in the Active Voice, signifies "to afford, furnish, provide, supply" (lit., "to hold out or towards;" para, "near," echo, "to hold"); it is translated "hath given" in Acts 17:31; "giveth" in 1 Timothy 6:17 (in the sense of affording); in Colossians 4:1, RV, "render" (AV, "give"). See BRING, DO, KEEP, MINISTER, OFFER, RENDER, SHEW, TROUBLE.

[ 9,,G143, doreo ]
akin to No. 1, and used in the Middle Voice, "to bestow, make a gift of," is translated in the RV by the verb "to grant," instead of the AV, "to give," Mark 15:45; 2 Peter 1:3-4. See GRANT.

[ 10,,G632, aponemo ]
"to assign, apportion" (apo, "away," nemo, "to distribute"), is rendered "giving" in 1 Peter 3:7, of giving honor to the wife. In the papyri writings it is said of a prefect who "gives" to all their dues. In the Sept., Deuteronomy 4:19.

[ 11,,G4160, poieo ]
"to do," is used in Jude 1:3 of "giving" diligence (the Middle Voice indicating Jude's especial interest in his task).

[ 12,,G2702, kataphero ]
"to bring down or against" (kata, "down"), said of an accusation in Acts 25:7 (in the best mss.), and of being "borne down" with sleep, Acts 20:9, RV, is used of casting a ballot or "giving" a vote in Acts 26:10. See FALL, Note
(8), SINK.

[ 13,,G4369, prostithemi ]
lit., "to put in addition" (pros, "to," tithemi, "to put"), "to give more," is translated "shall more be given," in Mark 4:24 (Passive Voice). See ADD.

[ 14,,G4980, scholazo ]
"to be at leisure," hence, "to have time or opportunity for, to be occupied in," is said of "giving" oneself to prayer, 1 Corinthians 7:5; of an "empty" house, "lying vacant," Matthew 12:44.

[ 15,,G3004, lego ]
"to say," is rendered "giving out," of the self-advertisement of Simon Magus, Acts 8:9. See SAY.

[ 16,,G4337, prosecho ]
"to turn one's mind to, attend to," is used of "giving" oneself up to, 1 Timothy 3:8 (to wine); of "giving" heed to, Acts 8:6, Acts 8:10-Acts 8:11 (RV); Acts 16:14 (RV); 1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 4:1, 1 Timothy 4:13 (RV); Titus 1:14; Hebrews 2:1. See ATTEND.

[ 17,,G1377, dioko ]
"to pursue," is translated "given to" in Romans 12:13, lit., "pursuing hospitality." See FOLLOW.


(1) In John 10:11, RV, tithemi, "to put, lay down," is rendered "layeth down," for the AV, "giveth."

(2) For pareisphero, "to add," rendered "giving" in 2 Peter 1:5, AV, See ADD.

(3) For martureo, "to bear witness" AV "gave (record)" in 1 John 5:10, RV, "hath borne (witness)," See WITNESS.

(4) For choregeo, "to supply minister," rendered "giveth" (RV, "supplieth") in 1 Peter 4:11, See MINISTER.

(5) For merizo, "to divide into parts," rendered "gave a part" (RV, "divided") in Hebrews 7:2, See DIVIDE.

(6) For paristemi, "to place by," rendered "give" in Matthew 26:53, AV (RV, "send"), See SEND.

(7) For douloo, in the Passive Voice, "to be enslaved," rendered "given to" in Titus 2:3, AV, See ENSLAVE.

(8) In 1 Timothy 4:15, the imperative mood of eimi, "to be," with en, "in," lit., "be in," is translated "give thyself wholly to."

(9) In Luke 10:7, the phrase, lit., "the (things) by them," is rendered "such things as they give."
(10) For epikrino, See SENTENCE.
(11) For proskartero, "to give oneself continually," Acts 6:4, See CONTINUE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words