Food - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G5160, trophe ]
denotes nourishment, food" (akin to trepho, "to rear, nourish, feed"); it is used literally, in the Gospels, Acts and James 2:15; metaphorically, in Hebrews 5:12, Hebrews 5:14, RV, "(solid) food," AV, "(strong) meat," i.e., deeper subjects of the faith than that of elementary instruction. The word is always rendered "food" in the RV, where the AV has "meat;" e.g., Matthew 3:4; Matthew 6:25; Matthew 10:10; Matthew 24:45; Luke 12:23; John 4:8; Acts 2:46, "did take their food," RV (AV, "did eat their meat"); Acts 9:19, "took food;" Acts 27:33-Acts 27:34, Acts 27:36. The AV also has "food" in Acts 14:17; James 2:15.

[ 2,,G1305, diatrophe ]
"sustenance, food," a strengthened form of No. 1 (dia, "through," suggesting a sufficient supply), is used in 1 Timothy 6:8.

[ 3,,G1035, brosis ]
"eating, the act of eating" (akin to bibrosko, "to eat") is translated "food" in 2 Corinthians 9:10. See EATING, MEAT, RUST.

[ 4,,G4620, sitometrion ]
a measured "portion of food" (sitos, "corn," metreo, "to measure"), is used in Luke 12:42, RV.

[ 5,,G1033, broma ]
akin to No. 3, frequently translated "meat," and always so in the AV except in Matthew 14:15, "victuals," is rendered "food" in the RV in Matthew 14:15; Luke 3:11; Luke 9:13. Note: For asitia, "without food," See ABSTINENCE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words