Fire - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G4442, pur ]
(akin to which are No. 2, pura, and puretos, a fever," Eng., "fire," etc.) is used (besides its ordinary natural significance):

(a) of the holiness of God, which consumes all that is inconsistent therewith, Hebrews 10:27; Hebrews 12:29; cp. Revelation 1:14; Revelation 2:18; Revelation 10:1; Revelation 15:2; Revelation 19:12; similarly of the holy angels as His ministers, Hebrews 1:7; in Revelation 3:18 it is symbolic of that which tries the faith of saints, producing what will glorify the Lord:

(b) of the Divine judgment, testing the deeds of believers, at the judgment seat of Christ, 1 Corinthians 3:13, 1 Corinthians 3:15;

(c) of the fire of Divine judgment upon the rejectors of Christ, Matthew 3:11 (where a distinction is to be made between the baptism of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost and the "fire" of Divine retribution; Acts 2:3 could not refer to baptism): Luke 3:16;

(d) of the judgments of God at the close of the present age previous to the establishment of the kingdom of Christ in the world, 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Revelation 18:8;

(e) of the "fire" of Hell, to be endured by the ungodly hereafter, Matthew 5:22; Matthew 13:42, Matthew 13:50; Matthew 18:8-Matthew 18:9; Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:43, Mark 9:48; Luke 3:17;

(f) of human hostility both to the Jews and to Christ's followers, Luke 12:49;

(g) as illustrative of retributive judgment upon the luxurious and tyrannical rich, James 5:3;

(h) of the future overthrow of the Babylonish religious system at the hands of the Beast and the nations under him, Revelation 17:16;

(i) of turning the heart of an enemy to repentance by repaying his unkindness by kindness, Romans 12:20;

(j) of the tongue, as governed by a "fiery" disposition and as exercising a destructive influence over others, James 3:6;

(k) as symbolic of the danger of destruction, Jude 1:23.

Note: See also under FLAME.

[ A-2,Noun,G4443, pura ]
from No. 1, denotes "a heap of fuel" collected to be set on fire (hence Eng., "pyre"), Acts 28:2-Acts 28:3.

Note: In Mark 14:54, the italicized phrase "of the fire" is added in the Eng. versions to indicate the light as coming from the "fire."

[ B-1,Adjective,G4447, purinos ]
"fiery" (akin to A, No. 1), is translated "of fire" in Revelation 9:17. In the Sept., Ezekiel 28:14, Ezekiel 28:16.

[ C-1,Verb,G4448, puroo ]
is translated "being on fire" (Middle Voice) in 2 Peter 3:12. See FIERY.

[ C-2,Verb,G5394, phlogizo ]
"to set on fire, burn up," is used figuratively, in both Active and Passive Voices, in James 3:6, of the tongue, firstly, of its disastrous effects upon the whole round of the circumstances of life; secondly, of satanic agency in using the tongue for this purpose.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words