Excess - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G192, akrasia ]
lit. denotes want of strength" (a negative, kratos, "strength"), hence, "want of self-control, incontinence," Matthew 23:25, "excess;" 1 Corinthians 7:5, "incontinency." Cp. akrates, "powerless, incontinent," 2 Timothy 3:3, RV, "without self-control."

[ 2,,G401, anachusis ]
lit., "a pouring out, overflowing" (akin to anacheo, "to pour out"), is used metaphorically in 1 Peter 4:4, "excess," said of the riotous conduct described in 1 Peter 4:3.


(1) Asotia denotes "prodigality, profligacy, riot" (from a, negative, and sozo, "to save"); it is translated "riot" in Ephesians 5:18, RV, for AV, "excess;" in Titus 1:6; 1 Peter 4:4, "riot" in AV and RV. See RIOT. Cp. the adverb asotos, "wastefully," "in riotous living," Luke 15:13. A synonymous noun is aselgeia, "lasciviousness, outrageous conduct, wanton violence."

(2) In 1 Peter 4:3, oinophlugia, "drunkenness, debauchery" (oinos, "wine," phluo, "to bubble up, overflow"), is rendered "excess of wine," AV (RV, "winebibbings").

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words