Dominion (have ... over) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Dominion (have ... over)

[ A-1,Noun,G2904, kratos ]
force, strength, might," more especially "manifested power," is derived from a root kra---, "to perfect, to complete:" "creator" is probably connected. It also signifies "dominion," and is so rendered frequently in doxologies, 1 Peter 4:11; 1 Peter 5:11; Jude 1:25; Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:13 (RV); in 1 Timothy 6:16, and Hebrews 2:14 it is translated "power." See MIGHT, POWER, STRENGTH.

Note: Synonymous words are bia, "force," often oppressive, dunamis, "power," especially "inherent power;" energeia, "power" especially in exercise, operative power; exousia, primarily "liberty of action," then "authority" either delegated or arbitrary; ischus, "strength," especially physical, power as an endowment.

[ A-2,Noun,G2963, kuriotes ]
denotes "lordship" (kurios, "a lord"), "power, dominion," whether angelic or human, Ephesians 1:21; Colossians 1:16; 2 Peter 2:10 (RV, for AV, "government"); Jude 1:8. In Eph. and Col. it indicates a grade in the angelic orders, in which it stands second.

[ B-1,Verb,G2961, kurieuo ]
"to be lord over, rule over, have dominion over" (akin to A, No. 2), is used of
(a) Divine authority over men, Romans 14:9, "might be Lord;"
(b) human authority over men, Luke 22:25, "lordship," 1 Timothy 6:15, "lords" (RV, marg., "them that rule as lords");
(c) the permanent immunity of Christ from the "dominion" of death, Romans 6:9;
(d) the deliverance of the believer from the "dominion" of sin, Romans 6:14;
(e) the "dominion" of law over men, Romans 7:1;
(f) the "dominion" of a person over the faith of other believers, 2 Corinthians 1:24 (RV, "lordship"). See LORD.

[ B-2,Verb,G2634, katakurieuo ]
kata, "down" (intensive), and No. 1, "to exercise, or gain, dominion over, to lord it over," is used of
(a) the "lordship" of gentile rulers, Matthew 20:25, AV, "exercise dominion," RV, "lord it;" Mark 10:42, AV, "exercise lordship," RV, "lord it;"
(b) the power of demons over men, Acts 19:16, AV, "overcame," RV, "mastered;"
(c) of the evil of elders in "lording" it over the saints under their spiritual care, 1 Peter 5:3. See LORDSHIP, OVERCOME.

Note: For authenteo, "to have dominion," 1 Timothy 2:12, RV, See AUTHORITY, No. 3.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words