Correct, Correction, Corrector, Correcting - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Correct, Correction, Corrector, Correcting

[ A-1,Noun,G1357, diorthoma ]
signifies a reform, amendment, correction," lit., "a making straight" (dia, "through," orthoo, "to make straight"). In Acts 24:2, lit., "reformations come about (or take place, lit., 'become')," the RV has "evils are corrected," AV, "worthy deeds are done;" there is no word for "worthy" or for "deeds" in the original. Some texts have katorthoma, which has the same meaning. See diorthosis, "reformation," Hebrews 9:10.

[ A-2,Noun,G1882, epanorthosis ]
lit., "a restoration to an upright or right state" (epi, "to," ana, "up, or again," and orthoo, See No. 1), hence, "correction," is used of the Scripture in 2 Timothy 3:16, referring to improvement of life and character.

[ A-3,Noun,G3810, paideutes ]
has two meanings, corresponding to the two meanings of the verb paideuo (See below) from which it is derived,
(a) "a teacher, preceptor, corrector," Romans 2:20 (AV, "instructor"),
(b) "a chastiser," Hebrews 12:9, rendered "to chasten" (AV, "which corrected;" lit., "chastisers"). See INSTRUCTOR.

[ B-1,Verb,G381, paideuo ]
"to train up a child" (pais), is rendered "correcting" in 2 Timothy 2:25, RV, AV, "instructing." See CHASTEN.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words