Contention, Contentious - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Contention, Contentious

[ 1,,G2054, eris ]
strife, quarrel," especially "rivalry, contention, wrangling," as in the church in Corinth, 1 Corinthians 1:11, is translated "contentions" in Titus 3:9, AV. See DEBATE, STRIFE, VARIANCE.

[ 2,,G3948, paroxusmos ]
(Eng., "paroxysm"), lit., "a sharpening," hence "a sharpening of the feeling, or action" (para, "beside," intensive, oxus, "sharp"), denotes an incitement, a sharp contention, Acts 15:39, the effect of irritation; elsewhere in Hebrews 10:24, "provoke," unto love. See PROVOKE.

[ 3,,G5379, philoneikia ]
lit., "love of strife" (phileo, "to love," neikos, "strife"), signifies "eagerness to contend;" hence, a "contention," said of the disciples, Luke 22:24. Cp. B, 2.

[ 4,Adjective,G269, amachos ]
lit., "not fighting" (a, negative, mache, "a fight, combat, quarrel"), primarily signifying "invincible," came to mean "not contentious," 1 Timothy 3:3, RV; Titus 3:2 (AV, "not a brawler," "no brawlers").

[ 5,Adjective,G5380, philoneikos ]
akin to A, No. 3, is used in 1 Corinthians 11:16. In the Sept., Ezekiel 3:7, "stubborn."


(1) Eritheia, "contention," AV, in Philippians 1:17, is translated "faction," in the RV. The phrase hoi ex eritheias, Romans 2:8, lit., "those of strife," is rendered "contentious," in the AV; RV, "factious." See FACTIOUS, STRIFE.

(2) For agon, "a contest," "contention," 1 Thessalonians 2:2, AV; "conflict," RV, See CONFLICT.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words