Commit, Commission - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Commit, Commission


(1) In the sense of doing or practicing."

[ A-1,Verb,G2038, ergazomai ]
to work, is translated by the verb "to commit" (of committing sin), in James 2:9. This is a stronger expression than poieo, "to do," or prasso, "to practice" (Nos. 2 and 3). See DO, LABOR, MINISTER, TRADE, WORK.

[ A-2,Verb,G4160, poieo ]
"to do, cause, etc.," sometimes signifies "to commit, of any act, as of murder," Mark 15:7; sin, John 8:34; 2 Corinthians 11:7; James 5:15. See DO.

Note: In 1 John 3:4, 1 John 3:8-9, the AV wrongly has "commit" (an impossible meaning in 1 John 3:8); the RV rightly has "doeth," i.e., of a continuous habit, equivalent to prasso, "to practice." The committal of an act is not in view in that passage.

[ A-3,Verb,G4238, prasso ]
"to do, work, practice," is said of continuous action, or action not yet completed, Acts 25:11, Acts 25:25; it is rendered "practice" in the RV, for the incorrect AV "commit," in Romans 1:32; Romans 2:2. See DO, EXACT, KEEP, REQUIRE, USE.


(2) In the sense of delivering or entrusting something to a person.

[ A-4,Verb,G3860, paradidomi ]
"to give over," is often rendered by the verb "to commit," e.g., to prison, Acts 8:3; to the grace of God, Acts 14:26; to God, 1 Peter 2:23; by God to pits of darkness, 2 Peter 2:4. See COMMEND, No. 2.

[ A-5,Verb,G4100, pisteuo ]
signifies "to entrust, commit to," Luke 16:11; 1 Timothy 1:11, "committed to (my) trust." See BELIEVE.

[ A-6,Verb,G5087, tithemi ]
"to put, place," signifies, in the Middle Voice, "to put for oneself, assign, place in," 2 Corinthians 5:19, "having committed (unto us)."

[ A-7,Verb,G3908, paratithemi ]
See COMMEND, No. 3, signifies "to entrust, commit to one's charge," e.g., in Luke 12:48; 1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 2:2; 1 Peter 4:19 (AV, "commit the keeping").


(1) Didomi, "to give," is rendered "committed" in the AV of John 5:22 (RV, "given").

(2) For porneuo ("to commit fornication") See FORNICATION.

(3) In Romans 2:22, hierosuleo, "to rob temples," is so rendered in the RV, for AV, "commit sacrilege."

(4) In Acts 27:40, eao, "to let, leave," is rendered in the RV, "left (the anchors) in," for AV, "committed themselves to."

[ B-1,Noun,G3866, paratheke ]
"a putting with, a deposit" (para, "with," tithemi, "to put"), and its longer form, parakatatheke, are found, the former in 2 Timothy 1:12, "that which He hath committed unto me," RV, marg., lit., "my deposit" (perhaps, "my deposit with Him"), the latter in 1 Timothy 6:20, where "guard that which is committed unto thee" is, lit., "guard the deposit," and 2 Timothy 1:14, "that good thing which was committed unto thee," i.e., the good deposit; RV, marg., "the good deposit."

[ B-2,Noun,G428, epitrope ]
denotes "a turning over (to another), a referring of a thing to another" (epi, "over," trepo, "to turn"), and so a committal of full powers, "a commission," Acts 26:12.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words