Affection (-s), Affected - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Affection (-s), Affected

[ A-1,Noun,G3806, pathos ]
from pascho, to suffer," primarily denotes whatever one suffers or experiences in any way; hence, "an affection of the mind, a passionate desire." Used by the Greeks of either good or bad desires, it is always used in the NT of the latter, Romans 1:26 (AV, "affections," RV, "passions"); Colossians 3:5 (AV, "inordinate affection," RV, "passion"); 1 Thessalonians 4:5 (AV, "lust," RV, "passion"). See LUST.

[ A-2,Noun,G4698, splanchna ]
lit., "the bowels," which were regarded by the Greeks as the seat of the more violent passions, by the Hebrews as the seat of the tender "affections;" hence the word denotes "tender mercies" and is rendered "affections" in 2 Corinthians 6:12 (AV, "bowels"); "inward affection," 2 Corinthians 7:15. See BOWELS, COMPASSION, HEART, MERCY. Cp. epithumia, "desire."

[ A-3,Noun,G3804, pathema ]
akin to No. 1, translated "affections" in Galatians 5:24, AV, is correct to "passions" in the RV. See AFFLICTION, B. No. 3.

[ B-1,Adjective,G794, astorgos ]
signifies "without natural affection" (a, negative, and storge, "love of kindred," especially of parents for children and children for parents; a fanciful etymology associates with this the "stork"), Romans 1:31; 2 Timothy 3:3.

[ B-2,Adjective,G5387, philostorgos ]
"tenderly loving" (from philos, "friendly," storge, See No. 1), is used in Romans 12:10, RV, "tenderly affectioned" (AV, "kindly affectioned").


(1) Phroneo, "to think, to set the mind on," implying moral interest and reflection, is translated "set your affection on" in Colossians 3:2, AV (RV, "set your mind on"). See CAREFUL MIND, REGARD, SAVOR, THINK, UNDERSTAND.

(2) For homeiromai (or himeiromai), "to be affectionately desirous of," 1 Thessalonians 2:8, See DESIRE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words