- Archelaus, Herod Archelaus, son and successor of Herod I, reigned over Judea from 4 B.C. to A.D. 6 and died before A.D. 18.
1) A son of Herod the Great by Malthace, the Samaritan woman. He and his brother Antipas were brought up with a certain private man in Rome. After the death of his father, he ruled as ethnarch over Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea, (with the exception of the cities of Gaza, Gadara and Hipo). The Jews and the Samaritans having accused him at Rome of tyranny, he was banished by the emperor Augustus to Vienna of the Allobroges and died there.Literal: Archelaus = "prince of the people"