To grieve - Berry's New Testament Synonyms

To grieve

λυπέομαι, πενθέω, θρηνέω, κόπτομαι.

λυπέομαι is the most general word, meaning simply to grieve, outwardly or inwardly. πενθέω means properly to lament for the dead. It is also applied to passionate lamentation of any kind, so great that it cannot be hid. θρηνέω is to give utterance to a dirge over the dead, either in unstudied words, or in a more elaborate poem. This word is used by S. in describing David's lament over Saul and Jonathan. κόπτομαι is to beat the breast in grief, ordinarily for the dead.